CHALLENGES FOR MANAGING A HISTORICAL CITY
Actualizado: 17 de sep de 2019
Historic cities encounter many difficulties and problems to create a nice atmosphere between the citizens and turistics, traditional and new business, conservation and development, etc. that a qualified management team could solve efficiently if they have the purpose to conserve them.
This article presents, in a brief and concise manner, some of the points to have in mind for the management of a historic city.
In my opinion the objectives of management a historic city are:
-To preserve and to protect the cultural and natural heritage assets.
-To protect the Historical Urban Landscape.
-To engage the local community in the development of the city.
UNESCO to help to State Parties to manage their cities, created the W.H. Cities Program to address the permanent challenges of how to accommodate the needs and the constant changes. The management of the cities must focus their efforts not only in the infrastructures, but including the social, economic and technological development too, because the development must be balanced.
In general, some challenges could be:
-The most important thing is that the governments have clear ideas and they create project thinking in the benefits of the city and the citizens, on the margins of another types of “personal” interests.
-Define the objectives that they want to achieve by managing the sites.
-Keep a continue conversation between local authorities, experts and communities to achieve the objectives.
-External monitoring to avoid bad practices.
The focusing on the social, economic and technological challenges, I think that they could be as follows:
-To eradicate the marginal area, because the image of the city can receive damage (marginal people, beggar, drug addicts, petty crime, etc).
-To collaborate with cultural institutions (study centers, private and public library, institutes, universities, etc) to create a network of documentation where the interested people can research about the history, art, traditions of the city.
-To facilitate the dialy life of the neighbors of the protected areas: adjusting the schedules of the shops, cafes, restaurant, creating pedestrian precinct, all in order of not disturbing the neighbors and not to contaminate the historic center.
-To facilitate the creation of business in all economic sectors it is a good idea to reduce the paperwork and helping with small incentives, reducing tax, etc.
-To encourage the creation of small business around monuments to facilitate the life of citizens that live in the protected areas, with lacks of basic shops, and to improve the local economy.
-Do not permit those international companies of fast food to open establishments in the historical places because it can damage the small local restaurants, cafes, pastisseries… and because it depersonalize the typical atmosphere.
-In moments of economic crisis, to reduce the price of the tickets and in some cases, they can be free for example: children of large families, unemployed, etc. This measure can encourage the community to visit the monuments and to know their heritage also as distraction from personal problems.
-To use the new technologies to design audio-visual shows with music, images, lights, fire, in the monuments where it tell about the construction of the building, important person, legends, etc.
- To create a network where all monuments, museum, interpretation centers, in the city and in the near towns, are connected and where the visitors can find all information to program their visit. (Example: schedules, prices, images...)
- To encourage the use of the new technologies and mobile Apps in the touristic business to promote the establishments and other important places in the city.
-To use renewable energy, especially solar power (in Andalucia there are 2.800 hours/year of sun) in public buildings (monuments, museums, galleries, …) to convert the cultural heritage effort in self-sufficient.